Real Estate Dictionary



QUAD
See: Quadrant.
QUADRANGLE
In the Government Survey method of describing real property, a square area of land 24 miles square (24 miles on each side or 576 square miles), containing 16 Townships (six miles square) or 576 Sections (one mile square).
QUADRANT
(1) A quarter section of a circle. (2) One of the quarters created by two intersecting roads or streets.
QUALIFIED FEE ESTATE
An ownership interest in real property that is not absolute. See: Defeasible Title; Fee Tail.
QUALIFIED INTERMEDIARY
The party that facilitates the exchange of property to meet the requirements of IRS Code Section 1031. To be "qualified" the party must not be related to the taxpayer and have no interest in the property. Section 1031 sets out the full requirements. The party is also commonly called an Accommodator or Facilitator.
QUALIFYING RATIOS
See: Debt Ratio.
QUANTITY SURVEY METHOD
Also called "price take-off" method. A process of arriving at an estimate of new construction costs by a detailed estimate of quantities of necessary building materials plus labor costs.
QUARTER
See: Quarter Section.
QUARTER ROUND
A molding which, in cross-section, resembles a quarter circle.
QUARTER SECTION
One quarter of a section. A quarter section (commonly called a quarter) contains 160 acres.
QUASH
To abate, annul, overthrow, vacate, void.
QUASI
Similar to but intrinsically different.
QUASI CONTRACT
A contract created by operation of law where no actual contract exists. The purpose is to avoid unfairness and create a remedy for the injured party.
QUAY
A wharf used for loading or unloading ships.
QUESTION OF FACT
Question as to what actually happened. Determined by physical evidence and decided by a jury in a jury trial.
QUESTION OF LAW
Given the facts, what laws, if any, are applicable; decided by a judge, even in a jury trial.
QUICK ASSETS
See: Liquid Assets.
QUIET ENJOYMENT
See: Covenant of Quiet Enjoyment.
QUIET TITLE
See: Action To Quiet Title.
QUIETUS
Final disposition of a claim or debt.
QUITCLAIM DEED
A deed operating as a release; intended to pass any title, interest, or claim which the grantor may have in the property, but not containing any warranty of a valid interest or title in the grantor.
QUOIN
See: Coign, Coigne.